Sunday, December 25, 2011

How to access Carbon data-source from a web-application

WSO2 Application Server shift with inbuilt Carbon data-source feature. This post describes how to create a Carbon data-source using WSO2 Application Server and access it within a web-application.

Step1 : Create sample database

create database wes_db;
use wes_db;
create table wes_engineer(WES_ID integer, WES_NAME varchar(30));
insert into wes_engineer values(1, 'Amy');
insert into wes_engineer values(2, 'Alfred');

Step2 : Create carbon data-source

To be able to refer Carbon data-source within a web-app, first you need to register your Carbon data-source with a JNDI naming service. When you creating a carbon data-source there is option to select data-source repository type. From there select JNDI as repository and provide the jndi_context_class and the provider_url. You can use "com.sun.jndi.rmi.registry.RegistryContextFactory" JNDI service provider inside Carbon server.



      
                                  









Image 01: Adding Carbon data-source



Step3 : Create a simple web-app

This simple web app will access the above data-source and print all data available in wes_engineer table.

Once you registered your carbon data-source with a JNDI service, you can access that data-source directly within your web application by doing a JNDI lookup. Following code segment will illustrate you how to call carbon data-source within web-app.

Hashtable env = new Hashtable();
env.put(Context.INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY, "com.sun.jndi.rmi.registry.RegistryContextFactory"); //same context factory class provided when creating carbon data-source.
env.put(Context.PROVIDER_URL, "rmi://localhost:2195"); //same provider url provided when creating carbon data-source.

InitialContext ctx = new InitialContext(env);
DataSource ds = (DataSource) ctx.lookup("jndiDS"); //"jndiDS" is the carbon data-source name that i have created. Please note that you may need to add commons-dbcp.jar and commons-pool.jar to web-app class path to do this cast.

conn = ds.getConnection();

The full TestCarbonDataSource.java  servlet class and project web.xml files are provided below.

TestCarbonDataSource.java
package org.wso2;

import java.io.IOException;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.naming.Context;
import javax.sql.DataSource;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.*;


public class TestCarbonDataSource extends HttpServlet {

public TestCarbonDataSource() {
super();
}

protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
performTask(request, response);
}

protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
performTask(request, response);
}

private void performTask(HttpServletRequest request,
HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
response.setContentType("text/html");
PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
out.println("<br/>");
out.println(testJndiDataSource());
}

public String testJndiDataSource() {
Connection conn = null;
Statement st = null;
ResultSet rs = null;
StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
try {

Hashtable env = new Hashtable();
env.put(Context.INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY, "com.sun.jndi.rmi.registry.RegistryContextFactory");
env.put(Context.PROVIDER_URL, "rmi://localhost:2195");
InitialContext ctx = new InitialContext(env);

DataSource ds = (DataSource) ctx.lookup("jndiDS");
conn = ds.getConnection();

st = conn.createStatement();
rs = st.executeQuery("SELECT * FROM wes_engineer");

while (rs.next()) {
String id = rs.getString("WES_ID");
String firstName = rs.getString("WES_NAME");
sb.append("ID: " + id + ", First Name: " + firstName + "
");
}
} catch (Exception ex) {
ex.printStackTrace();
} finally {
try { if (rs != null) rs.close(); } catch (SQLException e) { e.printStackTrace(); }
try { if (st != null) st.close(); } catch (SQLException e) { e.printStackTrace(); }
try { if (conn != null) conn.close(); } catch (SQLException e) { e.printStackTrace(); }
}
return sb.toString();
}
}
web.xml

<web-app>
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>TestCarbonDataSource</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.wso2.TestCarbonDataSource</servlet-class>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>TestCarbonDataSource</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

Once you create web-app, you can host it in WSO2 Application Server or any other application servers.


Image 02: Deploy web-app in Application server.

Once web-app is deployed in Application server click on "Go To URL" link or directly go to the link using browser "http://localhost:9763/carbonDSwebApp/"

  
Image 03: Accessing web-app

You can see the output as bellow.

                               

No comments:

Post a Comment